Keratoconus is a hereditary disease of the front, visible part of the eye. The cornea increasingly bends forward in a cone-shaped manner, becoming thinner as it does. As a result, the cornea may be stretched to the point that it becomes too thin and tears (referred to as acute keratoconus). During the course of the disease, the patient notices the progression due to increasing near-sightedness.
Possible examination methods: Slit-lamp (examination of the anterior segment (front of the eye) exam (for example, SL-OCT), ophthalmoscopy
Image courtesy of Dr. T. Theelen, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, The NetherlandsBack Next